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From DNA samples to youngsters’s drawings. How Ukraine is making an attempt to determine a few of these killed within the struggle


    Wearing full protecting fits and masks, they decrease the physique baggage, one after the other, onto the gurneys and roll them inside. Investigators stand behind, clipboard in hand, ready to start their arduous process.

    Inside every bag is a “John Doe”, a person whose stays lie within the ruins of battle for weeks and have been so badly decomposed that they’re unrecognizable.

    “Of course, it is difficult. But this is no ordinary task. It is a desire to help,” stated Olena Tolkachova, head of household companies for the Azov regiment.

    The identities of the 1000’s of individuals killed within the struggle in Ukraine are but to be ascertained. Police, troopers, investigators, dying row and forensic specialists – determined to return the stays of their family members – are working tirelessly to search out out who they’re so their our bodies could be correctly laid to relaxation. may.

    In most instances, solely DNA evaluation can present the mandatory reply.

    The bodies are being transported to the morgue in Kyiv on June 15.

    child’s drawing clue

    The day CNN visited the morgue, 64 our bodies have been pulled from the Azovstal metal plant, one of many final holdouts for Ukrainian defenders within the port metropolis of Mariupol, the place fighters lastly surrendered in mid-May.

    Tolkachova stated she was handed over by the Russian military in trade for her 56 lifeless fighters.

    The physique of 28-year-old Ukrainian policeman Daniil Safonov, who turned common on social media for posting updates from the frontline, is believed to be one of many stays recovered from Azovstal.

    “Staying on the line, but it’s so hard,” he posted on Twitter on April 3.

    Policeman Daniil Safonov is believed to have been killed in a mortar attack in Mariupol in May.  His body is among those recovered from the city's Azofstal Steel Plant.

    But when Safonov’s sister Olha Mtsala examined his stays within the Kyiv morgue, she stated that she couldn’t distinguish any of their options. Safonov is believed to have been killed in a mortar assault in early May; His physique had been mendacity in warmth for nearly six weeks.

    “He was a very nice man. He gave his life for Ukraine. He told me that he admitted that he might never return from Mariupol, and I was afraid of what happened,” Mtsala stated.

    But the pockets of Safonov’s uniform contained the proof essential to determine him: two small crayon drawings of his 6-year-old son, one in all a Christmas tree, the opposite of a rain cloud, one way or the other nonetheless intact.

    Olha Matsala's brother Daniel was identified by two crayon drawings made by his son that were found in his uniform pocket.

    “That makes it easy,” stated Matsala, crying. “Now, I can bury her, and I’ll be at peace knowing that her grave is nearby. I’ve been waiting for her.”

    His aid is uncommon. In nearly each case, the one hope of identification is thru DNA evaluation, however this can be a lengthy and sophisticated process.

    DNA samples matched

    The course of begins contained in the morgue, the place morgues take away tissue samples from the lifeless. Due to the superior phases of decomposition of the physique, usually a chunk of bone is the one choice.

    The samples are delivered to the Kyiv laboratory, the place analysts work to create a DNA profile.

    Analysts process DNA samples at the Ministry of Internal Affairs' laboratory in Kyiv, Ukraine.

    Ruslan Abbasov, head of the DNA laboratory of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, stated, “If the bone is breaking, we must make dozens of attempts to draw a DNA profile. Sometimes it can take months, but we never stop trying.” Huh.”

    “We work 24/7 to assist Ukrainians discover their family members. We hope that we will identify every sufferer, determine every soldier and bury them with honor.”

    Using specialized software, a forensics expert tries to match the remains, comparing John Doe’s DNA to a government database of thousands of people searching for their loved ones.

    “The extra profiles we have now, statistically, the extra matches we have now. It’s clear that we do not have sufficient DNA from family members of lacking individuals,” said Stanislav Martinenko, the lab’s chief forensic expert.

    “It will take years to search out all of the unidentified human our bodies after the struggle is over.”

    According to Abbasov, of the 700 unidentified bodies listed so far, 200 have been matched to a family.

    Martinenko is behind many of these identities. “When I make a match, I really feel like I’ve accomplished my job,” he told CNN. “And I’ve to tell everybody about this match beginning with the police.”

    Analysts from the Ministry of Internal Affairs' laboratory in Kyiv processes DNA samples.

    To expand the government database, officials have set up a hotline for families to report a missing person and arrange for a DNA sample to be delivered to the local police station. Nearly 1,000 people have come forward to do so since Russia invaded Ukraine in late February.

    But some of those lost in this war will probably never be returned to their families.

    “Some our bodies are so broken that it’s unimaginable to extract DNA,” Tolkachova of the Azov Regiment explained through tears. “We have dad and mom who inform us: ‘I perceive you’ll be able to’t discover my child, however at the very least deliver me among the filth they went to bury from Mariupol.'”

    Her voice expresses the anguish felt by those that won’t ever know the destiny of their cherished one, won’t ever obtain a physique for burial, and should by no means discover closure.

    That is the consequence that forensic specialists in Ukraine are working so onerous to keep away from. But with extra remnants arriving daily, and struggle intensifying in Ukraine’s east and south, the duty is daunting.

    Daria Markina and Yulia Kesaeva contributed to this report.


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